What I need to know about National Insurance when carrying out Payroll
Are you getting a little overwhelmed when it comes to processing your payroll? You’ve built a team which is amazing progress for your business, but it can be hard to keep on top of the ever changing legislation and knowing what rates are relevant to deduct when it comes to tax and national insurance. There’s a lot of information to digest so we thought we would break it down for you in this week’s blog.
As an employer you are liable to pay National Insurance Contributions (NIC) for every person you employ. It’s up to you to make sure you make the correct payments to HMRC on behalf of the employee and as the employer.
Here’s an overview of all the rates for National Insurance which you need to be aware of;
Class 1: National Insurance Thresholds
There are various thresholds and limits which you need to be aware of to make sure that you are contributing the correct amount.
Lower Earnings Limit – £120 per week | £520 per month | £6,240 per year
Primary Threshold – £184 per week | £797 per month | £9,568 per year
Secondary Threshold – £170 per week | £737 per month | £8,840 per year
Upper Secondary Threshold (under 21’s), Apprentice Upper Secondary Threshold (Under 25’s) and Upper Earnings Limit – £967 per week | £4,189 per month | £50,270 per year
Category Letters – What do they mean?
Each employee needs to be given a category letter when you process your payroll. The category letter they are given determines how much National Insurance they will pay and how much you need to contribute.
Most employees will fall under category A.
Category A – All employees unless they fall into any other category
Category B – Married Women/Widows who are entitled to a reduced rate of NIC’s
Category C – Employees over the age of State Pension
Category J – Employees who are entitled to defer their National Insurance as they have another job where they already pay their contributions
Category H – Apprentices under the age of 25
Category M – Employees under the age of 21
Category Z – Employees under 21 who have another job where they already contribute to their National Insurance
Category X – Employees who are not required to pay NIC, ie under the age of 16
Employee National Insurance Rates
The below indicates how much an employer needs to deduct from an employee’s wages for the tax year 2021/2022;
If an employee falls under category A and they earn £1,000 in per week they will pay:
nothing on the first £184
12% (£93.96) on their earnings between £184.01 and £967
2% (£0.66) on the remaining earnings above £967
This means their National Insurance payment will be £94.62 for the week.
Employer National Insurance Rates
We will now look at how much, you as an employer will need to contribute (2021/2022);
Class 1A and Class 1B rates
You will also need to pay Class 1A and 1B National Insurance if you pay your employees expenses or other benefits.
If you’re still confused about what contributions you need to pay then you can use HMRC’s online calculator. Or better still leave your Payroll to Trekim!
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